- Authors: Cruse WP, Bellizzi R.
- Title: A historic review of endodontics, 1689-1963, part 1.
- Journal: J Endod
- Date: Mar 1980
- Citation: 6(3):495-9
- Category: History of Endodontics
- Evidence-based Ranking: 5
- Discussion: The Empirical Era (1687-1805) In 1687 Charles Allen wrote the first English text on dentistry, but there was no mention endodontics as we know today. In 1728, Pierre Fauchard wrote The Surgeon Dentist in which accurate descriptions of pulp cavities, canals, opening and draining of teeth and packing the chamber with lead foil were discussed. In 1757 Bourdet described a therapy of extracting carious teeth, filling the canals with gold and reimplantinhg them. In 1766 Robert Woofendale was the first in America to speak of endodontic therapy by cauterizing the pulp with a hot instrument, and toward the end of the century Fredrick Hirsch was the first to speak of diagnosising dental disease by tapping on the tooth. The Visalistic Era (1806-1878) In 1802 BT Longbothom recommended filling the roots of teeth deemed for extraction, however, Edward Hudson is given credit for the procedure in 1809 by obturating with gold foil. Leonard Koecker was the one who popularized the pulp capping procedure in order to keep the pulp alive, to avoid extraction. In 1836, Shearjashub Spooner described the use of arsenic trioxide to devitalize the pulp before removing it, which improved pain control. Edwin Maynard is credited for developing the first root canal broach in 1838 by filing a watch spring. In 1839 Baker wrote in the American Journal of Dental Science about extirpation, cleaning, and filling the canal. In 1847, Edwin Truman introduced gutta percha as a filling and denture base material. Throughout the 1850 Hills stopping was used which was a combination of GP, quicklime, powdered glass, feldspar, and metal. In 1864 SC Barnum advocated the use of a thin sheet of rubber for improved aseptic techniques. GA Bowman is given credit to be the first to use GP as a sole obturating material and for the use of the rubber dam clamp forceps. In 1867, Magitot suggested using an electric current for pulp testing. Overall at this time most therapy focused on amputating and mummifying the pulp as opposed to instrumentation and filling the canals.
Reviewers comments: Detailed historical overview of dentistry, and more specifically endodontics.